Helle Hagenau (Norway) from Nei Til EU, speaks on: Opposition to EU membership at the EU Counter summit, London Nov 7th 2015.
Officially the Kingdom of Norway is a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, the Council of Europe, the Antarctic Treaty and the Nordic Council; a member of the European Economic Area, the WTO and the OECD; and is also a part of the Schengen Area. Norway Has twice voted no in referenda to the EU. Most recently a referendum on joining the EU was held in Norway on 27 and 28 November 1994. After a long period of heated debate, the "no" side won with 52.2 per cent of the vote, on a turnout of 88.6 per cent. Membership of what was then the European Community had previously been rejected in a 1972 referendum, and by French Veto in 1962. The "No" campaign was led by Anne Enger Lahnstein, leader of the Centre Party. The main themes of the "No" campaign were loss of sovereignty if Norway should join the Union, as well as the fundamental differences in economic structure between Norway and the EU, as Norway has an economy based heavily on natural resources (especially oiland fish), in contrast to the EU's more industrial economy. Currency: Norwegian krone Population: 5million